An ovulation disorder is any condition that affects the normal ovulation process, which is necessary in order to conceive. Other factors, such as stress and diet, can also adversely affect ovulation, so you should not assume that you have an ovulation disorder just because your attempts to conceive have been unsuccessful.
Ovulation disorder is a term used to describe a group of disorders in which ovulation fails to occur or occurs on an infrequent or irregular bases. It is a leading cause of infertility in women globally and accounts for 30% of women’s infertility. It is interesting to know that with the use of drugs like Clomiphene and Menogan/Repronex and other drugs, infertility cases occasioned by disorder in ovulation can be successfully treated.
Irregular or absence of menstruation i.e. a menstrual cycle that is shorter than 21 days or longer than 36 days is a sign of ovulation dysfunction. Anovulatory cycle is a situation where there is regular cycle but no sign of ovulation. Ovulation disorder can be caused by factors such as;
Hyperprolactinemia: Excess production of prolactin by the pituitary gland can cause the brain to stop sending the signals that command the ovaries to work. The production of breast milk in a woman who is not pregnant or nursing is a sign of this disorder.
Hypothalamus dysfunction: The hypothalamus is the region of the brain that helps control the pituitary gland and regulate many body functions, including ovulation.
Luteal phase defect: In this condition, the endometrium (the mucous membrane that lines the uterus) is inadequately prepared, either because the secretion of progesterone by the ovary is below normal or because the endometrium is not responding to progesterone stimulation.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome: This syndrome is characterized by abnormal menstrual periods and an excess of male hormones. Affected women may have excess hair growth, acne, obesity, and large ovaries with multiple cysts.
Fortunately, many ovulation disorders can be treated. The type of treatment that will be administered depends on the cause. So is important to visit a gynecologist if you observe any change. Medical and nonsurgical treatments may include nutritional adjustment, ovulation-inducing fertility medications, and stress reduction. Surgery may be required if a tumor is present.
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