Causes of pilonidal Sinus disease

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A pilonidal sinus (PNS) is a small swollen and inflamed tissue arising in the cleft at the upper part of the buttocks which leads to severe pain and risk of infections. An infected PNS formed pus and release blood with foul odor. Men and young adults are more susceptible to developing the condition. It takes approximately one to two and half months for PNS to heal up depending on the severity of the disorder and the type of treatment given.


Change in hormone following attainment of puberty
Sitting too long in a particular place
Immune response to perceived foreign object like hair growth




Sore skin
Reddish skin
Cyst inflammation
Pain when sitting or standing
Offensive odor
Hair growth from the lesion
Fever in exceptional cases




Using the necessary medication particularly antibiotics to treat several bacterial infections.
Removal of hair within the area.
Using lancing surgical procedure to open up the abscess.
Administration of phenol injection severally with to close up the cyst.
Surgical intervention involving the opening of the lesion to clear all the pus and debris with follow up dressing and cleaning until the wound heals up.




The main complication of PNS is the risk of wound infection leading to severe pain and discomfort. It is also possible to experience a recurring PNS after surgery.



The major way to averting the re-occurrence of PNS is by regularly washing the affected area on a daily basis with a mild soap and ensuring all soap is cleaned after the washing as well as making the area completely dry.
The other means of averting PNS is to desist from sitting too long particularly in one place.

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