What is cervical cancer?


Cervical cancer is a genital cancer and of global concern. It is the commonest gynaecological cancer, affecting women in the reproductive age and at a time when most women are ‘bread winners’ of their families. Over five hundred thousand (500,000) deaths are recorded from cervical cancer yearly and over eighty thousand (80,000) new cases are recorded in Africa yearly. It is the leading cause of death amongst gynaecological cancers only second to breast cancer amongst cancers affecting females worldwide. Mortality from cervical cancer is high and prognosis from the cancer is poor because most women with the disease present late. It is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Human Papilloma virus (HPV). This makes it is peculiar, being a cancer with a known cause and therefore, preventable.

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