Pain and usually swelling of the breast caused by edema and engorgement of the vascular and ductal systems is termed mastodynia,or mastalgia. Mastodynia specifically refers to a cyclical occurence of severe breast pain usually in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.Common in women with PMS/PMDD(premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder),it may be a primary symptom of this syndrome in some cases. It has been shown to be related to high gonadotropin levels.An augmented response to prolactin has also been suggested.
Examination is always necessary to rule out neoplasma,although most malignant tumours are painless.Management of painful breasts due to fibrocystic changes consists of support of the breast with good bra. Also avoid cofee,tea,chocolate and cola drink. Danazol is known to improve mastodynia.Some studies reported limited success with the use of bromocriptine,oral contraceptive and vitamins. A study also revealed that lisuride maleate,a dopamine agonist was associated with a significant decrease in pain.
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