- July 3, 2016
- Posted by: emobile
- Category: Trending Topic
Emobileclinic Trending Topic
One of the leading causes of kidney failure is polycystic kidney disease (PKD). It is an inherited kidney disorder that causes fluid-filled cysts to form in the kidneys. PKD may impair kidney function and eventually cause kidney failure.
Most people affected may not see or notice any symptoms until the cyst measures up to 0.5cm before it become worrisome. Here are some of the symptoms:
Pain or tenderness in the abdomen
Blood in the urine
Pain in the sides
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
Pain or heaviness in the back
Skin that bruises easily
Pale skin color
High blood pressure
PKD is an inherited disease condition. The various types of PKD have their causes:
Autosomal dominant PKD is often referred to as adult PKD, and accounts for about 90 percent of cases. Someone who has a parent with PKD has a 50 percent chance of developing this condition. Symptoms usually develop later in life, between the ages of 30 and 40. However, some people begin to experience symptoms in childhood.
Autosomal recessive PKD is much less common than ADPKD. It is also inherited, but both parents must carry the gene for the disease.
People who are carriers of ARPKD will not have symptoms if they have only one gene. If they inherit two genes, one from each parent, they will have ARPKD.
There are four types of ARPKD:
Perinatal form is present at birth
Neonatal form occurs within the first month of life
Infantile form occurs when the child is 3 to 12 months old
Juvenile form occurs after the child is 1 year old
Acquired cystic kidney disease is not inherited and it usually occurs later in life. It usually develops in people who already have other kidney problems. And it is more common in those who have kidney failure or are on dialysis.
It can be diagnosed by taking family medical history because it is a highly inherited disease.
Test like full blood count to look for anemia or signs of infection
Urinalysis to look for blood, bacteria, or protein in your urine
Imaging tests used to diagnose PKD include:
Abdominal CT scan
Abdominal MRI scan
Weakened areas in the walls of arteries, known as aortic or brain aneurysms
Cysts on and in the liver
Cysts in the pancreas and testicles
Pouches or pockets in the wall of the colon, or diverticula
Cataracts or blindness
Liver disease mitral valve prolapse
Anemia, or insufficient red blood cells
Bleeding or bursting of cysts
High blood pressure
Pain medication, except Ibuprofen, which is not recommended as it may worsen kidney disease
Blood pressure medication
Antibiotics to treat UTIs
A low sodium diet
Diuretics to help remove excess fluid from the body
Surgery to drain cysts and help relieve discomfort
Dialysis and kidney transplant
Removal of one or both of the kidneys