- February 4, 2016
- Posted by: emobile
- Category: Trending Issues
Emobileclinic Trending issue :Indoor Air Pollution and the Danger
About 4.3 million death is recorded every year due to indoor air pollution majorly arising from the use of solid fuels. The impact of air pollution on the health is unquantifiable. Indoor air pollution causes pneumonia; about 12% death every year, it causes stroke; 34% death, ischemic heart disease; 26%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); 22% and lung cancer 6%. These effects are felt on both infants and adults. For instance, it increases the risk of pneumonia in children. Children below the age of 5 are most affected and it is accounted for over half death due to acute lower respiratory infections.
‘Women who are exposed to high levels of indoor smoke are more than 2 times as likely to suffer from COPD than women who use cleaner fuels’ and it doubles the risk in men who smokes.The major source of indoor pollution is ‘small particulate and other pollutants indoor smoke’ These pollutions work by inflaming the airways and lungs ‘impairing immune response and reducing the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood’ According to WHO, there is a link between ‘household air pollution and low birth weight, tuberculosis, cataracts, nasopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers’
Major cause of air pollution is generated during cooking with the use of kerosene. All indoor smoke from kerosene are dangerous either being used as stove or as lamp. They emitted methane and ‘are powerful climate change pollutants’. Other sources are fire woods, charcoal, insecticides etc.