Who can get oral thrust?

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Adult oral thrush is more likely to become a problem for the following groups of people:

People who wear dentures – especially if they are not kept clean, do not fit properly, or are not taken out before going to sleep

Antibiotics – people who are on antibiotics have a higher risk of developing oral thrush.
Antibiotics may destroy the bacteria that prevent the Candida from reproducing out of control Excessive mouthwash use

Individuals who overuse antibacterial mouthwashes may also destroy bacteria which keep Candida at bay, thus increasing the risk of developing oral thrush

Steroid medication – long-term use of steroid medication can increase the risk of oral thrush Weakened immune system.

People with weakened immune systems are more likely to develop oral thrush

Diabetes – people with diabetes, especially if it is poorly controlled, are more likely to have oral thrush

Dry mouth – people with less than normal saliva (xerostomia) are more prone to oral thrush Diet

Malnutrition, whether caused by poor diet or a disease that hinders nutrient absorption, predisposes people to oral thrush. In particular, diets low in iron, vitamin B12 andfolic acid appear to affect infection rates

Smoking – heavy smokers are more at risk, the reasons behind this are unclear.

Classification of Oral Thrush Pseudomembranous: the classic and most common version of oral thrush; it accounts for around 35% of oral candidiasis cases. Erythematous (atrophic): the condition appears red raw rather than white Hyperplastic: also referred to as “plaque-like candidiasis” or “nodular candidiasis” due to the presence of a hard to remove solid white plaque. This is the least common variant, often seen in patients with HIV.

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It is important to know that there are several lesions that can also appear with oral thrush. In most cases, these lesions might be due to other types of bacteria that are also present in the area. These can include:

Angular cheilitis: inflammation and/or splitting in the corners of the mouth Median rhomboid glossitis: a large, red, painless mark in the center of the tongue

Linear gingival erythema: a band of inflammation running across the gums.

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