- April 16, 2016
- Posted by: emobile
- Category: Trending Topic
Emobileclinic Trending Topic: Phobia
Almost everyone has one irrational fear or two. For most people, these fears are minor. But when fears become so severe that they cause tremendous anxiety and interfere with your normal life, they’re called phobias. The good thing is that phobias can be managed and cured. Self-help strategies and therapy can help you overcome your fears and start living the life out of fear.
What is a phobia?
A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger. However, we can develop phobias of virtually anything. Most phobias develop in childhood, but they can also develop in adults. If you have a phobia, you probably realize that your fear is unreasonable, yet you still cannot control your feelings. Just thinking about the feared object or situation may make you anxious. And when you’re actually exposed to the thing you fear, the terror is automatic and overwhelming.
Understanding your phobia is the first step to overcoming it.
It is important to know that phobias are common, having a phobia does not mean you are crazy!
Types of Phobias
Specific phobias: Fear of particular objects or social situations that immediately results in anxiety and can sometimes lead to panic attacks. Specific phobia may be further subdivided into five categories: animal type, natural environment type, situational type, blood-injection-injury type, and other.
Animal phobias: examples include the fear of snakes, spiders, rodents, and dogs.
Natural environment phobias: examples include fear of heights, storms, water, and of the dark.
Blood-Injection-Injury phobia: this is the fear of blood, injury, or needles, or other medical procedures.
Situational phobias: fears triggered by a specific situation, including social situations. Examples include fear of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), flying, driving, tunnels, and bridges.
Agoraphobia: a generalized fear of leaving home or a small familiar ‘safe’ area, and of possible panic attacks that might follow. It may also be caused by various specific phobias such as fear of open spaces, social embarrassment (social agoraphobia),
fear of contamination (fear of germs, possibly complicated by obsessive-compulsive disorder) or PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) related to a trauma that occurred out of doors.
Social phobia: it is also known as social anxiety disorder, is fear of social situations where you may be embarrassed or judged. If you have social phobia, then you may be excessively self-conscious and afraid of humiliating yourself in front of others. Your anxiety over how you will look and what others will think may lead you to avoid certain social situations you’d otherwise enjoy.
Signs and symptoms of phobias
The symptoms of a phobia can range from mild feelings of apprehension and anxiety to a full-blown panic attack. Typically, the closer you are to the thing you’re afraid of, the greater your fear will be. Your fear will also be higher if getting away is difficult.
The signs and symptoms of a phobia include but are not limited to;
Racing or pounding heart
Chest pain or tightness
Trembling or shaking
Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
A churning stomach
Hot or cold flashes; tingling
Emotional signs and symptoms of a phobia
Feeling of overwhelming anxiety or panic
Feeling an intense need to escape
Feeling “unreal” or detached from yourself
Fear of losing control or going crazy
Feeling like you’re going to die or pass out
Knowing that you’re overreacting, but feeling powerless to control your fear