Uses of dopamine

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Dopamine is the natural substance produced in the body responsible for improving the pumping capacity of the hearts and enhances the flow of blood to the kidney. The substance is also useful in treating low blood pressure experience when in shock which is caused by heart attack, heart failure, surgery, kidney failure and other serious medical conditions.

The use of dopamine must be strictly  on prescription by a doctor after a detailed medical history of the patient. People with any of these conditions are highly advised not to use the drug without medical advice. People with coronary artery disease, circulation problems, blood clotting history, asthma, diabetes and pregnant women as well as lactating mothers.


Administration of Dopamine
The mode of administering the injection is intravenous mode that is through the vein. The will be close and proper monitoring of your breathing, kidney function, level of oxygen and other vital signs while you are receiving the injection. To prevent any harmful effects, there is need to have regular kidney function and blood cells tests.


Possible side effects
Some of the possible side effects of dopamine injections are chest pain, painful urination, presence of blood in the urine, irregular heartbeats, facial, feet or ankles inflammation, difficulty in breathing, fatigue, burning sensation around the IV needle, headache, anxiety, nausea and vomiting as well chills.


Dopamine and Pregnancy
The FDA has assigned dopamine to pregnancy category C. Dopamine should only be given during pregnancy when there are no alternatives and the benefit outweighs risk. Studies have shown safety use of dopamine to increase urine output in six oliguric women with preeclampsia without disrupting maternal central venous or pulmonary capillary wedge blood pressures or causing fetal harm. It has also been used safely in treating hypotension in pregnant women during cesarean section without leading to any adverse effects in the fetuses, newborns, or mothers.

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