The cause could be congenital and environmental-Encephalopathy

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No part of the human system is completely immune from diseases and infections, several diseases that affect various parts of the body are usually described with a specific term. The term used in describing disease condition that affects the functions and structures of the brain is encephalopathy. The cause could be congenital and environmental.

 

Types and Causes of Encephalopathy
*Glycine encephalopathy caused by abnormal high level of amino acid in the brain Chronic traumatic arises as a result of several brain injuries and trauma.
*Hashimoto’s occurs as a result of the effects of autoimmune disease infection on the thyroid gland.
*Lyme caused by infected ticks which transmit the bacterial disease.
*Hypoxic encephalopathy caused by insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain.

*Hypertensive encephalopathy caused by high blood pressure
*Wernicke encephalopathy caused by prolong intake of alcohol and vitamin B1 deficiency.
*Hepatic encephalopathy caused by liver disease.
*Toxic-metabolic encephalopathy caused as result of infections, toxins or organ failure.

*Uremic encephalopathy caused as a result of kidney disease.

 

Symptoms
This is dependent on the causes of the encephalopathy:
Mental Changes: common symptoms with this condition include memory loss, change in personality, lethargy and inability to solving problems.
Neurological Changes: muscle weakness, trembling, seizures, loss of concentration, difficulty in swallowing, speech difficulty are some of the symptoms associated with the condition.

 

Seeking Medical Help
Anyone already on treatment with any brain disease must immediately seek medical attention whenever there is coma, severe confusion and lack of concentration.

 

Diagnosis
Medical examination is required to look for mental and neurological symptoms. With a brain disease, the doctor will perform the following: Blood tests to detect diseases, bacteria, viruses, toxins

Spinal tap to look for diseases, bacteria, viruses, toxins,

Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain to detect abnormalities or damage Electroencephalogram (EEG) test to examine the electrical activity in the brain.

 

Treatment
Use of medication
Surgery to treat the underlying cause
Nutritional supplement.
Life supportive machine when in coma.

 

Prevention
It must be emphasized that congenital encephalopathy cannot be prevented but the environmental related encephalopathy are preventable. Generally, living a healthy lifestyle has the capacity to limit the risk factors of brain disease. Such changes in lifestyle include avoiding excessive alcohol intake, curtailing exposure to toxic substances like drugs, having a healthy diet as well having regular medical check ups.

 



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