Some common hymen related problems

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One of the parts of the female external genitalia is the hymen which provides covering for the vaginal opening. The hymen like any other part of the body is confronted with a number of diseases; some of them are discussed in the following paragraphs.

Broken Hymen: it is primarily occurs when you had sex for the first time. The hymen smashes when the genital is first penetrated. Apart from sexual intercourse, strenuous exercise and the use of tampons to collect menstrual discharge are other potential causes of broken hymen. In cases where the hymen is no longer intact, hymen reconstructive surgery is becoming increasingly popular. It is a very controversial procedure, however, although most of that controversy is psychological rather than physical: The hymen has long been valued in many cultures as a symbol of virginity in marriage.

Parousintroitus of the hymen: it is condition where the hymen is completely gone, it occurs when a woman give birth to a child.

Hymen Cribriform: when hymen consists of many small holes, though, very rare in women. Cribriform hymen is good for menstrual and other fluids out without any problem, but it has some disadvantage where sexual activity is very tough as insertion of tampons can be problematic.

Hymen Fimbriated: a condition where the hymen has many irregular patterns around the vaginal opening.

Hymen Microperforate: when the hymen has a tiny hole on it and it is found in many girls. It is treated through surgery which makes the tiny hole into a larger vaginal opening.

Hymen Septate: it is formed like a septum across the vaginal opening.

Hymen Imperforate: when the hymen is closed. It is treated by surgery which creates a hole in the hymen. Numerous diseases can result in complications and abnormalities in the hymen, the opening to which may be nonexistent (imperforate), in which case the individual will need a minor surgical operation to correct the defect before puberty.

Diseases that can cause such defects include Müllerian agenesis, a condition in which various organs of the reproductive system are either absent or malformed as a result of failure of the müllerian ducts to develop properly; lateral fusion; hypoplasia; resorption failure; and defects in the canalization.

Symptoms of an imperforate hymen include intense menstrual cramps with no bleeding, as the blood is being forced back into the abdomen via the fallopian tubes.
To diagnose a case of imperforate hymen, the physician examines the problem area using obstetrical ultrasonography. The required operation is called a hymenotomy, for which preparation must be done, including stenting the urethra to prevent it from being damaged by the surgery. After the procedure is complete, follow up is necessary to prevent the disease from returning.


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