Salmonellosis;(a food poisoning condition) Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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It is not uncommon to develop severe medical condition whatever we consume be it food and drinks. The importance of nutrition in human life is inestimable, however, as good as it is, it could also lead to complications and illness if it is properly prepared, taken and consumed. 

Salmonellosis, a food poisoning condition and bacterial infection caused by a group of salmonella bacteria which is transmitted through food or beverages that got contaminated by the feces of people or anima with salmonella bacteria. Salmonella food poisoning leads to bacterial infection, irritation and gastro-intestinal tract swollen.There are many causes of food borne disease. The most widely reported case is salmonella food poisoning

 

Common sources of foods contaminated with Salmonella bacteria;
Chicken, poultry product, half-cooked egg, seafood, meat, milk and dairy products, certain fruits and vegetables, food prepared by an infected person, pets’ feces with diarrhea commonly found in the feces of reptiles.

 

Symptoms
Common mild symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, fever, headache, and diarrhea while dehydration, reiter’s syndrome and arthritis are of the complicated symptoms of salmonella food poisoning. For more details about symptoms and complications, see symptoms of salmonella food poisoning. Symptoms of salmonella food poisoning generally begin within eight to 72 hours after ingesting food contaminated with salmonella bacteria.

 

Vulnerable groups
It can affect anyone in any age group, however some people are at risk more than others; these groups include older adults, pregnant women, infants, children, and people who have weakened immu5ne systems such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, and kidney disease

 

Diagnosis
This involves reviewing personal and family medical history with specific symptoms, and thorough physical examination by the medical doctor. Following this, a stool sample will be taken for stool microscopic, followed by blood test to check if the salmonella bacteria have spread to the blood, followed by full blood count is needed to determine if an infectious process is present and urinalysis to determine if the patient is dehydrated.

 

Prevention
This condition is preventable and can be done by developing culture of hygiene and food preparation precautions. Dispose outdated food or perishable food that has been sitting at room temperature for two hours or longer. Do not eat raw or half-cooked eggs, meats, seafood or poultry. Leftover foods must be refrigerated.

 

Treatment
The first step in treating food poisoning is prevention. In addition to this, you can take medication in the form of antibiotics, ensure you have adequate intake of fluids to have good hydration until symptoms pass which takes three to seven days in a healthy adults.
It is not uncommon to develop severe medical condition whatever we consume be it food and drinks. The importance of nutrition in human life is inestimable, however, as good as it is, it could also lead to complications and illness if it is properly prepared, taken and consumed. There are many causes of food borne diseases; the most widely reported case is salmonella food poisoning.

 

 



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