High Blood sugar level and its management

 

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The role of sugar found in the human blood is very critical for the proper functioning of the human system. The normal level of blood sugar provides energy for the organs and cells in the body. The main source of sugar found in the body comes from the food and drinks containing carbohydrates while the liver and the muscles also produce some amount of sugar.

 

There is need to have a normal sugar level in the body in order to have a healthy lifestyle. Insulin plays significant role in regulating blood sugar levels. However, high blood sugar levels arise when the insulin could no longer regulate the sugar content in the body.

 

Symptoms
Feeling of tiredness
Hunger
Frequent exhaustion
Frequent urination
Idiopathic weight loss
Numbness or tingling in the hands, legs and feet

 

Risks associated with High blood sugar level

Heart attack or stroke
Loss of vision
Kidney disease or failure
Nerve disorder in the skin Delayed healing problems
Types
There are two types of high blood sugar levels, they are type 1 and type diabetes.
The immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that secretes insulin leading to absence of insulin and rise in blood sugar levels. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin through a needle, pen, or insulin pump to keep blood sugar levels under control.

On the other hand, with type 2 diabetes, the body fails to utilize the insulin produced in the body. People with type 2 diabetes may need to have insulin pills or have a change of diet or regular exercise changes to help control blood sugar levels.
It is important to know that some pregnant women do develop insulin resistance and rise in blood sugar levels during pregnancy known as gestational diabetes.
Risk factors for high blood sugar
The risk of developing high blood sugar increases in people with
Specific genes that associated with diabetes
Being overweight and not active
Having a family history of type 2 diabetes
Being above the age of 45
Being treated for high blood pressure, or having blood pressure of 140/90 or higher

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Low levels of “good” fats
Management of High blood sugar level
Regular monitoring of the blood sugar level on daily basis
Intake of insulin injection in people with type 1 diabetes
Dietary change and regular exercise are needed in people with type 2 diabetes
Regular monitoring of the cholesterol and blood sugar levels to avert heart disease.
Regular eye examination should also be done to prevent loss of sight.



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