Eye disorder characterized with the protrusion of the eyeball in the eye socket-Exophthalmos

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Exophthalmos is an eye disorder characterized with the protrusion of the eyeball in the eye socket which can affect one or both eyes. It may result in corneal dryness and the inflammation of the membrane lining of the eyes.

 

Causes

 

The main cause of exophthalmos is a thyroid condition that influences the swelling of the eyeballs known as Graves’ disease. This condition also makes the eyes become bigger and increases the cells of the eyes as well. The followings are other causes of this disorder:

Malignant tumor

Cyst filled with mucus

Clotted blood

Injury to the eyes

Sinus infection

 

Symptoms

 

Dryness of the eyes

Irritating eyes

Pain in the eyes

Becoming highly sensitive to light

Tears running through the eyes without crying

Double vision or blurred vision

Weakened eyes muscle

Inwards turning of the eyes

Irregular heartbeats

Sleeping disorder

Anxiety

Los of weight

Diagnosis

The diagnosis will be made immediately the doctor noticed a protruding eye. Blood test will be ordered to check if the thyroid is functioning well.

The degree of the protrusion will be ordered using an exophthalmometer

Imaging scans such as a CT scan or an MRI to evaluate the orbit or eye socket. The scan can detect a tumor or any abnormality in or around the eyes.

Treatment

In case of thyroid disorder, the underlying cause of it must be treated with a view to bringing thyroid hormone levels back to normal.

Surgical procedure may be needed to correct the problem with the connection between the arteries and veins in the eyes.

Surgical removal of the bony floors of the eye sockets to enable excess material to move down into the extra space.

Using of prescribed eye drops to relieve dry eyes.

Using eyeshades may be helpful for people with oversensitivity to light.

Pain relief drugs may be prescribed to minimize pain and inflammation.

Surgical removal of malignant tumor may be needed in severe cases. This may be followed with chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

 



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