Causes, types and management of Acute Nephritis

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The role of kidney in the execratory system of the body is so important that when it ceases to perform it functions effectively and efficiently serious medical problems arise in the body. The human body consists of two kidneys which assist in removing waste products from the body. The kidneys process 200 quarts of blood daily and also remove 2 quarts of waste products and excess water in the body.

 

A condition where the kidneys get inflamed or swollen is known as acute nephritis which may lead to kidney failure if it remained untreated. Types of Acute Nephritis There are many types of acute nephrites which are: Interstitial nephritis arises when the spaces between the kidney tubules become swollen and thus make the kidneys to swell. Pyelonephritisis is a bacterial infection thus causes inflammation of the kidney as a result of the inability of the ureters to process urine through the bladder Glomerulonephritis arises when there is a disorder in the tiny clusters of capillaries which prevented them from filtering blood properly.

 

Causes

There are specific causes for each type of acute nephritis, these are:
Interstitial Nephritis: caused by allergic reaction to medication which may be considered inimical to the health by the kidney, insufficient or low potassium level in the blood which may impede its regulatory functions in the body which include metabolism and heartbeat as well as prolong use of medications which damages the kidneys tissues are some of the causes of interstitial nephritis.
Pyelonephritis: mostly caused by escherichia coli bacterial infections primarily found in the large intestine and is excreted in the stool and can from the urethra to the bladder and kidneys, urinary examinations that use a cystoscope, surgery of the bladder, kidneys, or ureters, kidney stones are causes of pyelonephritis.
Glomerulonephritis: immune system disorder, cancer and abscess that found its way through the blood to the kidneys are some of the conditions that may lead to glomerulonephritis.

 
Symptoms

Common symptoms to all types of nephritis are pelvis pain, cloudy urine, painful urination, presence of blood in the urine, swelling of the face, leg and feet, abdominal pain, fever, nauseating and vomiting as well as high blood pressure.

 
Diagnoses
Clerking, physical examination, laboratory tests such urinalysis, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, imaging scan like CT scan or renal ultrasound, a renal biopsy is one of the best ways to diagnose acute nephritis, a kidney biopsy are various mechanism to diagnose the condition.

 

Treatment

Primarily, the underlying causes of the condition must be addressed by way of finding appropriate medications. In severe condition, intravenous (IV) antibiotics may be required, pain relieve should be given in cases of pyelonephritis and in the case of inflamed kidneys, you may need corticosteroids.
A malfunction kidneys affect the balance of electrolytes such as potassium, sodium, and magnesium, are responsible for creating chemical reactions in the body. High electrolyte levels may require the use of IV fluids to enable the kidneys to release the extra electrolytes while supplement may be taken in case of low electrolytes level.
Dialysis is the best management option if the kidney function is significantly damaged by the infection. Dialysis renders artificial kidneys services.
There is also the need to rest adequately in order for the body to recover from the infection. You also have to increase your fluid intake to avoid dehydration and enhance the kidneys to excrete waste products.
A special diet low in certain electrolytes, such as potassium may be recommended if the electrolytes levels are high. Some fruits and vegetables are high in potassium.



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