Causes and Symptoms of Hematemesis

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Hematemesis is a disorder characterized with the loss of blood in the body through vomiting. It calls for serious concern when there is blood vomit which may be in the simple form like ordinary nosebleed or severe form like gut bleeding. Vomiting blood is a medical emergency irrespective of the cause and severity.

 

Causes

Chronic vomiting
Stomach ulcers
Tears of the lining of the stomach
Veins enlargement in the gut
Abnormal growth of cell in the stomach
Injury to the upper gut as a result of radiation therapy
Infections such as hepatitis
Drugs such as aspirin, NSAIDs or blood thinners
High intake of alcohol
Ingestion of poison
Gastroenteritis
Gastroesophageal reflux disease)
Blood vessel disorders in the gut
Swollen food pipe
Pancreatic inflammation
Acute liver failure and cirrhosis or scarring
Portal hypertension
Blood abnormalities
Birth abnormalities
Blood clotting disorders
Insufficient level of vitamin K

 

 

Symptoms
Paleness
Dizziness or fainting
Confusion
Clammy skin
Fast heart rate
Anxiety
Nausea
Blurred vision
Fatigue
Low urine production

 

 

Diagnosis
The diagnosis can be done after a detailed review of the patient by the doctor. The condition can be diagnosed through blood tests, stool microscopy and endoscopy. Imaging tests such as CT scan and X-ray. All these are needed to examine the underlying cause of the bleeding.

 

 

Treatment
The treatment options for managing blood vomiting include:
Medication
Blood transfusion
Surgical intervention such as an angiogram may be required

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