- October 17, 2016
- Posted by: emobile
- Category: Trending Topic
Emobileclinic Trending Topic
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized with cessation and resumption of breath while asleep arising from the blocking of the upper airways. It is also known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It accounts for sleeplessness in babies leading to growth, learning, behavior and heart disorders as well as loss of life if left untreated.
Excessive or prolong relaxation of the throat muscle leading to the collapse of the airways.
Defective body structures such as the mouth, throat narrowing the airways
Family history of sleep apnea
Large neck and tongue
Intermittent break in sleep especially at night
Waking up several times a night to urinate
Low sexual urge
Incessant break of sleep especially at night
Sleep study known as polysomnography is highly effective in diagnosing sleep apnea usually done at an overnight sleep laboratory and focus on recording brain waves, eye and leg movements, oxygen levels, airflow and heart rhythm during sleep.
Similarly, Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) can also be used to monitor the level of oxygen in the blood, the movement of air via the nose while breathing as well as heart rate and chest movements while the user is asleep.
The severity of sleep apnea is measured with the number of apnea episodes that happen per hour:
Normal – 0-5 apnea episodes per hour
Mild sleep apnea – 5-15 apnea episodes per hour
Moderate sleep apnea – 16-30 apnea episodes per hour
Severe sleep apnea – 31+ episodes per hour
Surgical intervention known as adenotonsillectomy may be recommended to remove tonsils and adenoids.
Airway pressure therapy may be done involving use of mask to cover the nose and mouth during sleep. The mask is connected to a machine that continuously pumps air into it to open the airways.
Regular exercise to reduce weight