Alarming Increase in Kids’ Obesity in Africa!!!

Emobileclinic Health News : Obesity in Children

To address the issue of kids obesity ECHO (Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity) is proposing a range of recommendations for governments with the aim to reverse the increase of children obesity under the age of 5 years. ‘At least 41 million children in this age group are obese or overweight, with the greatest rise in the number of children being obese or overweight coming from low- and middle-income countries’, they acknowledged.

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According to Sir Peter Gluckman, Commission co-chair, “Increased political commitment is needed to tackle the global challenge of childhood overweight and obesity and “WHO needs to work with governments to implement a wide range of measures that address the environmental causes of obesity and overweight, and help give children the healthy start to life they deserve.”

Also while addressing obesity, Dr. Santa Nishtar mentioned some effects of obesity. According to him “Overweight and obesity impact on a child’s quality of life, as they face a wide range of barriers, including physical, psychological and health consequences. We know that obesity can impact on educational attainment too and this, combined with the likelihood that they will remain obese into adulthood, poses major health and economic consequences for them, their families and society as a whole.”


The environment has been identified has been contributory factor to kids obesity.’ Driven by globalization and urbanization, exposure to unhealthy (obesogneic) environments is increasing in high-, middle- and low-income countries and across all socioeconomic groups. The marketing of unhealthy foods and non-alcoholic beverages was identified as a major factor in the increase in numbers of children being overweight and obese, particularly in the developing world.’

WHO statistics on overweight of kids under 5 years from 1990 to2014 shows an increase ‘from 4.8% to 6.1%, with numbers of affected children rising from 31 million to 41 million during that time. The number of overweight children in lower middle-income countries has more than doubled over that period, from 7.5 million to 15.5 million’ they observed. About one quarter of these population are from African.’ The number of overweight children aged under 5 in Africa has nearly doubled since 1990 (5.4 million to 10.3 million).’

ECHO’s Report to WHO has 6 main recommendations for governments


  • To promote intake of healthy foods

‘Implement comprehensive programmes that promote the intake of healthy foods and reduce the intake of unhealthy foods and sugar-sweetened beverages by children and adolescents (through, for example, effective taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages and curbing the marketing of unhealthy foods).’

  • To Promote physical activity

‘Implement comprehensive programmes that promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors in children and adolescents.’

  • Preconception and pregnancy care.

‘Integrate and strengthen guidance for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) with current guidance on preconception and antenatal care (to reduce risk of childhood obesity by preventing low or high birth weight, prematurity and other complications in pregnancy).’

  • Early childhood diet and physical activity

‘Provide guidance on, and support for, healthy diet, sleep and physical activity in early childhood and promote healthy habits and ensure children grow appropriately and develop healthy habits(by promoting breastfeeding; limiting consumption of foods high in fat, sugar and salt; ensuring availability of healthy foods and physical activity in the early child care settings).’

 

 

  • Health, nutrition and physical activity for school-age children

‘Implement comprehensive programmes that promote healthy school environments, health and nutrition literacy and physical activity among school-age children and adolescents (by establishing standards for school meals; eliminating the sale of unhealthy foods and drinks and; including health and nutrition and quality physical education in the core curriculum),

  • Weight management

‘Provide family-based, multi component, lifestyle weight management services for children and young people who are obese.’ ECHO is urging WHO to institutionalize, throughout the Organization, a cross-cutting and life-course approach to ending childhood obesity.

They are equally asking non-governmental organizations to raise the profile of childhood obesity and advocate for improvements in the environment, and for the private sector to support the production and improved access to foods and beverages that contribute to a healthy diet.


 

 

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